Curing and Processing Cannabis

Hashish Everything You Need to Know

Different types of hash

There are many different types of hashish to be found when traveling around the world. These varieties differ according to how the hash is extracted and pressed.

Hashish: What it is, how to use it and what types – Blog Mapa da Maronha

And the methods used result in final products that are very different from each other. Some will be sticky while others will be dry and crumbly. Below we will talk a little about the most popular varieties today

To understand what hashish is, you must first know the structure of a female cannabis plant and know that it is composed of 2 parts.

The first is the physical structure of the plant, composed of its branches, leaves, and roots. The second part is what we know as trichomes: They are the essence of the plant.

It is in them that cannabinoids and terpenes are produced that dictate the flavor, aroma, therapeutic and recreational characteristics of each variety of marijuana.

Hashish consists of the process of separating the trichomes from the physical part of the plant. This process is

done in different ways, but in the end, the goal is always the same: Remove the trichomes from the surface of the leaves and flowers and collect them.

The trichomes already separated from the plant are called Kief. Hashish is just a press of the plant’s trichomes – a Kief press.

Different processes for extracting hashish have been used for centuries in different cultures and countries. In the last decades, the rapid popularization of marijuana has brought new processes for making the concentrate that has been spreading around the world.

Find out more about what hashish is, how to use it, and what are its varieties to follow!

The origins of hashish

The word hash comes from Arabic and its literal translation would be something like “dry grass”. The popularization of hashish is believed to have occurred around 900 BC, although some experts claim that methods such as “charas”, or the collection of trichomes directly by the hands of farmers, arose long before their written documentation.

With the beginning of the exploration of Africa by Europeans, hashish began to make its appearances in the western world. For years, European doctors imported hashish to conduct research on its uses, which led to several extraction processes being created and refined to create medicines at that time.

In the early 20th century, the extraction of cannabis products was a large part of the western pharmaceutical industry. Only in the mid-1920s, when the United States banned marijuana, that hashish was eradicated from pharmacies and pushed into the underground market.

Afghan Hashish

Afghan hash
Afghan hash

Afghan hash is produced basically across the country, the best qualities are found in the northernmost provinces.

Afghan-Hash
Afghan-Hash

The plants used for the production of this hashish are small and dense Indicas. Afghan hash is pressed by hand, with the addition of a small amount of tea or water to aid consistency. Hashish is worked until it acquires a very elastic texture and an extremely strong smell.

  • Color:  Black on the outside, dark green or brown on the inside. If poorly maintained, it may acquire a gray color on the outside.
  • Consistency:  Very soft, can be manipulated easily.
  • Potency: It is usually very powerful. Users report that their wave can take 5-10 min to reach its peak, be careful not to overdo it!
  • Availability: Relatively rare in excellent qualities. Besides Moroccan hash, Afghan is the second most common type on the market. It may be a little more expensive, but its quality is usually superior to that of Moroccans.

Charas (Indian Hashish)

Indian Hashish
Indian Hashish

Charas is produced across India, without having a specific location where it thrives best.

Charas (Indian Hashish)
Charas (Indian Hashish)

The production of charas uses a purely physical and very simple method: The female flowers are rubbed carefully with the hands, the trichomes are trapped in the hands of the workers and then are rolled into small balls, which are then packaged and pressed into shapes. tablets.

Charas (Indian Hashish)
Charas (Indian Hashish)
  • Color:  Black on the outside, dark green or brown on the inside.
  • Consistency:  Very soft, it can be handled easily just like the Afghan. Sometimes it can be crumbling, but it is always very dense.
  • Potency:  Extremely powerful. Charas has a very high concentration of cannabinoids and can reach up to 40% THC in some specimens. The original charas will always be an excellent smoke.
  • Availability:  Very rare. From time to time some small amount is available on the market. Because of that, the price is always quite high. It is usually sold in elongated hashish “sticks”.

Pakistani hashish

Pakistani hashish
Pakistani hashish

Pakistani hash is produced mainly in the northwest of the country. This region is known for the provinces that are not under government control. It is considered a tribal region, where drugs and weapons are freely produced.

The best hashish is produced in the Citral, Swat and Khaibar regions, but several cannabis plantations have been converted to poppy (opium) plantations, making the original Pakistani hashish quite rare today.

Pakistani hash
Pakistani hashish

Its production process is almost the same as the Afghan one: It is made by hand with a mixture of some other substance to help in acquiring the soft consistency.

  • Color:  Black and brown on the outside, brown on the inside. Sometimes a very dark shade of green can also be seen.
  • Consistency:  Very soft, looks a lot like Afghan hash.
  • Potency:  Medium-high. Usually more powerful than the Afghan, but its quality will depend a lot on where it comes from.
  • Availability:  Very rare. With the conversion of Cannabis fields into poppy fields, the original Pakistani hash has become difficult to find on the market – it is worth remembering that hash produced using the same process can be sold as being Pakistani, but they are not originally from the region.

Moroccan hashish

Moroccan Slate
Moroccan Slate

Every stoner must have heard of the legendary Moroccan hash. It is in this small country in North Africa that many tourists go after the most coveted hash on the planet. Morocco hash is the most famous in the world, due to the country’s tradition in its production.

Moroccan hashish
Moroccan hashish

What few know, however, is that Moroccan hash comes in several types: Slate, Polm, Caramel, and some others.

  • Color:  Greenish brown. Due to the shorter growing seasons, the plants retain much of the green color in the harvest.
  • Consistency: It varies a lot, it is usually very hard.
  • Potency:  Medium-low, you will rarely find an extremely powerful. Not even the best Moroccan hash can be called very strong when compared to other varieties.
  • Availability: Moroccan Hashish Slate is the most common in the European market, only recently it has become possible to find other types more easily on the street. They are sold under many different names: Standard, Melange, Premier, zero, zero-zero, Sputnik, pollen, chocolate, and probably many others. Unfortunately, these names are not very useful as resellers name everything that is a little better than normal to raise prices.

Moroccan Primero Hash.

Moroccan-Primero-Hash
Moroccan-Primero-Hash
  • Color:  Light brown, with light green in the middle.
  • Consistency:  Generally very hard and crumbly.
  • Potency:  Tends to be high, but varies depending on the plant used in production.
  • Availability:  Extremely rare. If you don’t live in the region around Morocco, you can give up on finding it.

Moroccan Polm (Pollen) Hash.

Moroccan Polm (Pollen) Hash
Moroccan Polm (Pollen) Hash
  • Color:  Dark and light brown border on the inside.
  • Consistency:  Generally very hard and crumbly.
  • Power:  Medium-low. It is extremely popular hashish and known to be produced by criminal associations that mix all types of rubble in the product in order to yield.
  • Availability:  This hash does not have much more value in the market, because people can already make hash much better cheaper than him. It is widely sold to trick tourists into paying dearly for a low-quality product. It will get you high, of course, but there are much better products in the same price range.

Moroccan Caramel Hash.

Moroccan Caramel Hash
Moroccan Caramel Hash
  • Color:  Caramel.
  • Consistency:  Generally softer and crumbling.
  • Power:  It is the best quality Moroccan hash that you will find in Europe’s coffee shops.
  • Availability:  Usually comes in small ovoid formats weighing 5 grams. These pieces are made by hand by artisans and farmers. Get ready to pay a little more for it, you will be paying for quality, not quantity.

Sticky Nepalese hashish

Sticky Nepalese hash
Sticky Nepalese hashish

Cannabis is grown in all parts of Nepal, where the climate allows for a long season of growing the plant.

Sticky Nepalese hashish
Sticky Nepalese hashish

The production of Sticky Nepalese hash is almost equal to that of Indian charas. The trichomes are extracted by carefully rubbing the flowers between the hands, falling on a canvas, and then collected and rolled into small balls.

  • Color:  Black on the outside, dark brown on the inside.
  • Consistency: The texture is usually a little tougher than Afghan hash. It will still be soft enough to be kneaded with just your hands. Very difficult to handle due to its sticky consistency. It gets sticky all the time, even after drying.
  • Potency:  It is one of the most powerful types of hashish. They say the best hash in the world comes from Nepal.
  • Availability:  Usually Nepalese hash is very expensive. In Amsterdam, the best hash that you will find in coffee shops will almost always be Nepalese. It is relatively rare to find the original, but when found you can be sure of an excellent experience.

Super Nepalese Hash

Super Nepalese Hash
Super Nepalese Hash

Super Nepalese

Super Nepalese Hash is one step ahead of any other regionally produced hash. Known for its very high quality, its THC concentration is among the highest of all. This hashish is not normally pressed with machines, it is made by hand leaving a soft and flexible texture. Many out there say that Super Nepalese hash is undoubtedly the most potent in the world.

Super Nepalese hash
Super Nepalese hash

Most of the time it is made with plants of the Indica type, due to the region it is in. This product is extremely expensive but is worth every penny. It is made with traditional and artisanal techniques passed from generation to generation.

  • Color:  Dark inside and out, between shades of dark brown and black.
  • Consistency:  Extremely sticky, looks a lot like Nepalese Sticky.
  • Potency:  Your power is always out of the curve. Don’t worry too much about THC concentration, if you can get your hands on a Super Nepalese, do it and test it yourself.
  • Availability:  Difficult to find but not impossible. In the right places, the Super Nepalese can still be found in its original form. It is considered the best hash in the world by many, expect a very high price!

Temple Ball Hash

Temple Ball Hash
Temple Ball Hash

The Temple Ball does not come from any specific region, but a way of making a hash that gives its remarkable characteristics.

Its main feature is that it is extremely sticky. It usually comes wrapped in a film or plastic paper, as it will stick to anything that comes in contact, leading to some losses if you handle it carelessly.

Hashish Temple Balls
Hashish Temple Balls

Temple Balls are made using two things – freshly dried flowers and your hands. Like Indian charas, the process consists of rubbing the flowers with your hands until the trichomes are separated from the plant. These trichomes will start to stick together, the warmth of your hand will make the reaction complete and ready: You made your own Temple Balls.

  • Color:  Dark brown or black.
  • Consistency:  Extremely sticky, looks a lot like Indian Charas.
  • Potency:  Its potency is usually very high, as it is a purely physical process of extracting cannabinoids. If done correctly and with potent varieties of Cannabis, your THC can reach an astonishing 80%!
  • Availability:  Difficult to be found outside of Europe. The easiest way to get this hash is to do it yourself. If you are visiting Amsterdam or Nepal your chances of finding the Temple Ball are great.

Ice hash / Ice-o-lator / Bubble Hash

Bubble Hash
Bubble Hash

Ice or Ice-o-lator or Bubble Hash is a type of hash that bubbles when heated.

The Bubble hash production process uses water and ice to facilitate the separation of the plant’s trichomes.

Ice hash Ice-o-lator Bubble Hash
Ice hash Ice-o-lator Bubble Hash

Flowers or dirty resin sheets are added to sieves called Bubble Bags, along with water and ice. Each Bag has a net with a different thickness so that all trichomes are extracted from the mixture. After that the content is mixed for some time, the water and plants are removed and at the end of the bags, only the hash is left, which must dry for a day before being consumed. There are several videos teaching the process of extracting Ice on youtube, run there to check it out!

Bubble Bags in action
Bubble Bags in action

Bubble Bags

Since THC does not dissolve in water, trichomes can be easily extracted through sieves, greatly increasing the quality of the final product when compared to traditional production methods.

When extracted correctly and made with healthy plants and rich in resin, Ice is considered the most powerful type of hash in the modern market.

Dry Sift Hash

Dry Sift Hash
Dry Sift Hash

Dry Sift is a type of hash that has this name because of its production process. Dry Sift, in English, means dry sifting and this is exactly how this hash is produced.

It is made through a 100% manual and handmade process. The technique uses screens with extremely fine mesh to manually sift the dried flowers, removing the resinous glands and refining the extract to a granular consistency. The high-quality Dry Sift is appreciated for its artisanal process and revered for its profile of terpenes, very high power, and its ability to melt and vaporize completely.

Hashish Dry Sift
Hashish Dry Sift

The producers of this hashish meticulously scrub Cannabis buds on porous screens. Agitation and friction help to separate the delicate resin glands from the flower. The screens with very small porosity allow only the finest particles to pass, and this process is repeated several times in screens with smaller and smaller porosities. The powder left over at the end is Dry Sift.

Dry Sift production process

A tip in the production of Dry hash is to always keep the ambient temperature low. The lower temperature serves to prevent it from becoming sticky and oily and helps to separate the impurities that pass through the screens. Cold temperatures also help to make trichomes more fragile and allow them to separate from the plant much more easily.

Paraguayan Grape Hash

Paraguayan Grape Hash 
Paraguayan Grape Hash

Probably the most popular and accessible type of hash in Brazil, Paraguayan hash is usually sold in small spheres and has a black color, often being called grape hash because of its similarity to the fruit.

Paraguayan hash is the most common and cheapest found in Latin America. Its quality will depend completely on the process used in its manufacture and the plants used as raw material.

Paraguayan hash (Grape)
Paraguayan hash (Grape)

The problem is that this hashish is made by smugglers to increase their profits and to be able to transport marijuana more easily, this makes it made and stored in a very amateurish way, often being contaminated by fungi or mixed with other substances such as black modeling clay so that the product “yields” more.

We are unable to talk much about this type of hash because it will vary a lot depending on who produced it, with which plants it produced and how it was packaged and transported. Paraguayan hash can have a good quality if its manufacturing process is well done, but don’t expect anything extra when compared to a Moroccan or Pakistani.

How to use hashish

As we can see, there are many types of hash available on the current market. Each of these has different physical properties so each will also have to be consumed differently.

There are several ways to consume these cannabis spices, we will talk about some more famous and recommended by users around the world:

Smoke like a cigarette

Marijuana cigarette

Marijuana cigarette

Probably the most famous form of marijuana use in the world. Marijuana cigarettes must be wrapped in a specific paper and then lit and smoked, there is not much mystery.

When we talk about hashish, however, we must note that because they are more viscous substances and sometimes very moist when compared to dried grass, they must be mixed with a small amount of tobacco for the carburization to occur completely.

Some like to crush the hash into small pieces, and then mix it with tobacco, while some prefer to make small ‘snakes’ and add them to the smoke.

hashish joint
hashish joint

Smoke in a bong or pipe

hash bong

Bong

hashish pipe

Pipe

The bong or pipe is a great choice for smoking almost all types of hashish. Some have a compartment with water that the smoke passes through before being inhaled, decreasing the temperature of the smoke, consequently improving the user’s quality of life.

For more humid hashish or a lot, it is recommended to mix a little tobacco or herb so that the complete combustion of the concentrate occurs.

Vaporizers

vaporizers for hash

Vaporizers have become very popular in recent years, and can also be used to consume your hashish.

You probably never heard of it, but “hemp fiber without gum” is the key that opens the door to be able to vaporize your hash smoothly. When you vaporize the hash, it will melt. You don’t want this melted hash to enter your vaporizer bowels.

Some models come with a compartment or tool for placing liquid concentrates, and if you are tempted to place your hash there, stop! Despite being able to smoke in this way, placing the hash there will damage the tool or compartment that will have to be replaced with a new one soon after.

Depending on your model of vaporizer, you will need to find out the best way to use hemp fiber in it, but please use it! It does not combust and will not affect the taste in any way. Keep in mind that your hashish will not evaporate as a quality concentrate does. Residues will be left behind, so make sure your vaporizer is protected with hemp fiber.

cannabis pollen in the vaporizer

Use of cannabis pollen in the vaporizer

crumbled hash in the vaporizer
crumbled hash in the vaporizer

Use of crumbled hash in the vaporizer

Dabbing

A dab of an extract

Dabbing is the newest and most famous method of consuming marijuana concentrates.

This method is used to consume extracts that almost always have a very high concentration of cannabinoids, so it is recommended only for veterans of the herb.

The process involves vaporizing the extracts when in contact with some hot surface (usually glass, titanium, ceramic, or quartz) and then inhalation of that steam through a bong.

With the help of a torch, the user warms up the chosen surface and places his concentrate there. Ideally, the surface temperature should vary from 250 to 400 degrees Celsius, higher temperatures will cause more complete vaporization while lower temperatures will preserve more the flavor and the terpenes present in the extract.

The tool used as a surface is called “dab rig” or sometimes “oil rig” and can be purchased in several tobacconists or even online. Remembering that your bong must have the fitting for the dab rig, or you will have to acquire another bong suitable for dabbing.

Dabbing will work best for hashish with a softer consistency. Too much pressed and crumbling hashish may not carburize well in a dab rig.

Conclusion

Now you know a little more about the different types of the hash in the world today.

It is worth mentioning that although some types of hash are inherently more potent than others due to their more refined production process, the plant used in the production of such hash will be the one that will dictate the final power of the product. Here are a few strains sutable for hash production.

Chemdawg  OG Kush and White Widow

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