Large Roots For Large Harvests
Large Roots For Large Harvests Never neglect the foundations on which your plants are built the roots are the foundation of your plants and are responsible for delivering both water and minerals. This function is directly related to the plants’ rate of growth, and ultimately the size of the buds they produce.
То understand what the root mass or the root system is, we must first answer a few questions:
- What is its function and what does it do?
- It must then be defined, as there are many types of root masses, and each takes a different form.
- Finally, we must know where the roots come from and how they differ from the mass
The root is the underground part of the plant, and it has two functions: to fixate the plant in soil or substrate, and to feed the entire plant through the absorption of water and of the nutritive substances required for its development – the root’s extension allows the plant to get water in further and further layers. It is important to note that the soil’s drainage and irrigation play an important role in the quality and quantity of the roots mass and of the nutritive exchanges.
Big Roots For Big Harvests
Large Roots For Large Harvests The plant’s root system can take on many different shapes and forms. There are, among others, primary roots,
secondary, capillary and tap roots. The root system can be made up of a single large root (taproot) on which lateral or secondary roots develop, as is the case for oaks, radishes, carrots, etc. The root system can be made up of equally important roots (fasciculated roots), each bearing many lateral roots, as in apple trees and grains. Adventitious roots (roots of the strawberry runners, of ivy shoots, etc.) are roots that come from a stem or a rhizome.
Depending on the environment and the conditions, the roots can sustain remarkable changes: there are buttress roots, that seem to prop up entire trees (fig tree) or that seem to hold it above the soil and water (as in many equatorial species), creeping roots, sucker roots (as in the vanilla tree), etc.
When the cutting or the clone first starts, the cell that will become a root cell is like all others. Under the influence of a hormone – the auxin – contained in the rooting gel or synthesized by the plant Itself in smaller quantities, however, the cell elongates to become a draft root, which will then develop just like the seed’s radicle (see below), and the whole of the roots will form the root system.
The first root to develop from a seed is the radicle. It comes from the embryo contained in the seed and in a few days it will shoot out ramifications that become the first secondary roots. At the end of the primary root, we find the rootcap. It is a kind of shield that protects the radicle and allows it to forage through the substrate. Just behind the rootcap is the growth zone where cells are constantly dividing. Above is the cellular elongation zone, where the
cells elongate and differentiate under the influence of the auxin. Then comes the maturing zone, where the cells take on their final shape. The exterior layer of cells in the maturing zone, the epidermis, bears the root hair. The root hair are the root’s main absorption agent – the sap (water and minerals) is first diffused: through the root hair’s cell wall, then travels through the root’s conductive vessels and, finally, through those of the stem, to finally reach the leaves.
Growing Big Roots To Increase Your Harvest
The water and mineral salts that the hair pumps go through the bark to reach the root core and the conductive tissues. The xylem allows the xylem sap to go up to the leaves (photosynthesis) and the phloem allows elaborated sap to go back down to the roots (storage).
Elaborated sap contains glucose (СбНлзОа), a monosaccharide, an energy source for plants, which will be transformed into cellulose or starch during one of the plant’s three mains metabolisms, the carbohydrate metabolism, or glycogenesis. The sugars are stored in the roots in that form, starch or cellulose. Starch and cellulose are glucose polymers or polyosides, complex sugars following a (CsHioOsJn formula. Cellulose is responsible for the branches and stem’s rigidity and gives plants their fibrous structure. Starch and cellulose are the plant’s energy reserves.
The plant uses these carbohydrates in different ways:
- As an immediate source of energy (because of respiration) to function, grow, reproduce, absorb nutritive elements, etc.
- To store energy reserves: for example, before winter, the plant stores sugars as starch. These reserves allow
it to survive winter and to start growing again early in the spring.
- To form plant tissue: sugars can be transformed (proteins, lipids or complex sugars) into leaves, wood,
flowers, fruit, roots, etc.
The bigger the root mass, the most water and nutrients it can grab, and the most energy reserves it can set aside. More energy means a more abundant yield, which brings us back to the beginning: more roots, more Buds!